Total Area: 947,300 sq. km
Area under water: 61,500 sq. km
Land area: 885,800 sq. km
Population: 49.6 million
Tanzania is a coastal East African country, bordered on the north by Kenya and Uganda; on the northwest by Rwanda and Burundi; on the west by Congo; on the southwest by Zambia; and on the south by Malawi and Mozambique; on the east by the Indian ocean. Tanzania is a federation of mainland Tanganyika and the Zanzibar Archipelago that is made up of the islands of Unguja and Pemba.
Mainland Tanzania’s terrain ranges from the highlands of the northeast to the flatlands of the central plateau and the western part of the country. At 5,895 m (19,340 ft.), Mount Kilimanjaro, a dormant volcano in the northeast, is Africa’s tallest mountain and the tallest freestanding mountain in the world. It has three volcanic cones – Kibo, Mawenzi and Shira.
Tanzania contains large parts of Africa’s three best-known lakes— Nyanja Nnalubaale (Lake Victoria) in the north, Lake Tanganyika in the west, and Lake Nyasa in the south. 49 percent of Lake Nnalubaale (Victoria) and 41 percent of Lake Tanganyika are in Tanzania. The other large lakes are Lake Natron , Lake Manyara and Lake Eyasi. Lake Tanganyika is the second deepest lake in the world.
Half of Mainland Tanganyika is savanna and bush while the rest is semi desert. The Ngorongoro Crater, Serengeti National Park and the Selous National Park are key geographical points of interest.
The Zanzibar Archipelago is separated from the mainland by a 25-50 km (16-31 mile) channel. The island of Pemba is 59 km northeast of the main island of Unguja. Palm fringed white sandy beaches, multicorouel coral reefs and the vast waters of the Indian Ocean make the archipelago the perfect place for a relaxing vacation.
Tanzania is a tropical country. It has dry and wet seasons, and no winter, spring or fall weather. The temperature variation is a consequence of the varied topography. It is coolest in the highlands of the northeast and hottest along the coastal areas. The temperatures range between 10 degrees C (in the highlands) to 31 degrees C (in the rest of the country.)
Coolest period: May – August.
Hottest period: November- February
The Wet season:
North and East: Vuli (short rains) in October-December
Masika (long rains) in March-May
South, west & central: Long continuous rains from October to May.
Political Capital City
Dodoma (Pop. 411,000)
Commercial Capital City
Dar es Salaam ( Pop. 4.4 million)
View of the downtown area of the city of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania