Migration to Canada
Canada has very clear policies and procedures regarding application to enter the country as an immigrant. The goal is to bring people to feed into the economy. There are three classes of immigrants: economic, family and refugee.
The most desired immigrant is the the economic one. This is a skilled worker, especially one with Canadian experience, such as an international student who has studied in Canada and is integrated into the society. Others include skilled workers with appropriate, desirable qualifications and experience. People with skills in the trades (construction workers, plumbers and so on) are particularly desirable at the moment. From time to time, the desirable skill sets may change depending on the labour market’s demands. This is determined by Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC), a government department whose findings inform the decisions of the Immigration Department.
The other avenues for direct entry as a permanent resident are (1) the Provincial Nominee Program, (2) spousal and other family sponsorship. Please note that the Investor Immigration Program was terminated by law on June 19, 2014.
Canada gives shelter to refugee claimants. After thorough vetting and review, the genuine refugees are granted a status that enables them to proceed to application for permanent residence.
In the majority of cases, you do not need an intermediary to apply for or to secure permanent residence in Canada. The website of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada is self-explanatory. It has all the instructions and application forms that you can and should complete yourself and submit to the appropriate office.
Do’s and Don’ts of migrating to Canada
- Study the website of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada very carefully. It has all the answers that you need to help you apply for permanent residence.
- Test your eligibility for admission by answering the non-binding eligibility questionnaire here.
- Have your necessary documentation ready. This includes your birth certificate and a valid passport.
- Look at all the requirements that are needed for your specific application and have them ready before you apply.
- Answer every question fully and truthfully.
- Ensure maintenance of up to date contact information. If you move or if your email or phone number changes, you must immediately notify Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada. An IRC officer may wish to get in touch with you. If they cannot do so because they do not have your correct contact information, the processing of your application will stop. Your application may even be closed, in which case you must start all over again.
- While you wait for the decision of IRC, learn as much as you can about Canada and prepare yourself re: the place you wish to live and the job opportunities and their requirements.
- Learn about the culture and save money that will give you a healthy financial start when you arrive. Make sure that you have the funds to pay for the medical assessment for eligibility and any other expenses that you might incur.
- Keep a detailed record of all correspondence and phone calls, including the names of the officers, dates and content of the correspondence or conversation.
- Be patient! The processing times vary depending on what you are applying for and from where you are applying. You cannot expedite the application process and certainly no third party will. Check here for details.
- Don’t lie. If you make false claims, you will be caught – if not immediately, later.
- Don’t use false documents.
- Don’t spend your money on immigration consultants and/lawyers. These folks will download and complete the very forms you can download and complete yourself. Nobody expedites the process for you.
- Don’t miss the Frequently Asked Questions and contact the IRC call centre with you questions.
- Don’t believe everything that you hear from people whose applications have failed.
- Don’t make assumptions. Base your application on facts, not fear.
- Don’t limit your employment horizons to what you are currently doing in your homeland. Being a lawyer, for example, does not mean that you cannot become a teacher or construction worker.
- Don’t attempt to cut corners by falsely claiming refugee status.
- Don’t give up very easily. If you get a negative response, determine why that happened. Sometimes it may be something very simple, such as applying in the wrong category.
- Don’t be intimidated by the IRC website and what appears to be a complex system and process.
Canada needs you. That is why 20 percent of Canadians are foreign born. However, Canada needs honest residents and citizens who will positively contribute to society. Here is why.