Rukiga District is divided into five main administrative units:
4 sub-counties (amagomborora)
1 town council (etahuni)
Each of the above units is divided into parishes (emiruka) and each parish is divided into villages.
Bukinda sub-county has 6 parishes (including Muhanga) and 90 villages.
Kamuheesi (Kamwezi) sub-county has 6 parishes and 110 villages.
Kashambya sub-county has 6 parishes and 71 villages.
Rwamucuucu sub-county has 7 parishes and 96 villages.
Muhanga Town Council (“parish”) has 27 villages.
A village, with varying numbers of households, is the lowest political administrative unit. It may have between 250 and 1,000 people. A village is administered by a Local Council I (LCI) consisting of a chairperson (LCI chairperson) and nine other members.
A parish, made up of a number of villages, is the next level up. It is administered by a local council II (LCII) committee, made up of all the chairpersons of the village LCIs in the parish. Each LCII elects, from among themselves, an executive committee.
A sub-county is made up of a group of parishes. (In towns, a sub-county is called a division.) The geographical boundaries of the current sub-counties have not changed since the British colonial period.
The sub-county is administered by an elected local council III (LCIII) chairperson and an executive committee.
A sub-county LCIII council, with its speaker, is the legislative branch. A sub-county council consists of:
- a chairperson
- one councillor representing each parish or part of a parish
- two youth councillors representing the youth, one of whom shall be female
- two councillors with disabilities, one of whom shall be female
Women councillors must form at least one-third of the council.
The sub-county executive committee is nominated by the chairperson from among the members of the council and approved by simple majority of all the members of the council voting.
The executive committee consists of:
- the chairperson
- the vice chairperson
- such number of secretaries, not exceeding five, as the council may determine. At least one of the offices of secretary must be held by a female. The chairperson assigns one of the secretaries to be responsible for health and child welfare.
- elected councillors representing the parishes.
- other government officials involved in health, development and education, and NGO officials in the sub-county.
Rukiga District is made up of four sub-counties – Bukinda, Kamuheesi (Kamwezi), Kashambya and Rwamucuucu, and Muhanga Municipality.
The district is led by:
- an elected local council V (LCV) chairperson
- an executive committee
- an elected LCV council, with representatives from the sub-counties and technical staff in the district.
The LCV Council debates budgets, decisions and bylaws.
On the technical side, the district is led by the:
- Chief Administrative Officer (CAO), appointed by the Central Government of Uganda.
- Department Heads of:
- Environment Protection
There is a Resident District Commissioner (RDC), appointment by the President of Uganda. The RDC is the president’s representative in the district.
LIST OF PARISHES AND VILLAGES IN RUKIGA DISTRICT
- Muhanga Town Council
Kamuheesi (Kamwezi) Sub-county
- Kibanda A
- Kibanda B
- Kamwezi Town Centre
- Kigaara A
- Kigaara B
- Mushunga I
- Mushunga II
- Nyakatojo I
- Nyakatojo II
- Rwenderema A
- Rwenderema B
Political parties: There are branches of the two main national political parties, namely, Forum for Democratic Change and National Resistance Movement.
Elections: The Uganda Electoral Commission is responsible for elections at all level of government.