Yoweri Kaguta Museveni (1986)
Edward Ssekandi (2011)
Ruhakana Rugunda (2015)
Leader of the Opposition in Parliament
Winnie Kiiza (2016)
There are 29 registered political parties and organizations. The main parties:
- Conservative Party
- Democratic Party
- Forum for Democratic Change
- National Resistance Movement
- Uganda People’s Congress
The National Resistance Movement (NRM) led by President Yoweri Museveni took power in 1986 and has ruled the country since then. In July 2005, a constitutional amendment lifted presidential term limits, enabling President Museveni to seek re-election.
Museveni was declared winner of presidential elections that were held in 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2016. The results of the 2001, 2006 and 2016 elections were challenged in court. In each case, the judges dismissed the petitions.
On December 20, 2017, Parliament amended the Constitution to lift the presidential age limit, enabling President Museveni to seek re-election after he turns 75 years old. The Constitution was also amended to extend the president’s and parliamentarians’ term of office from 5 (five) to 7 (seven) years.
The Uganda Parliament is the legislative branch of the government. Its members are elected every five years. It is headed by a speaker and a deputy speaker.
The Judiciary , headed by the Chief Justice, forms the third arm of the government.
Uganda is divided into 124 administrative districts. By July 1, 2019, the total number will have increased to 135 districts. Each district has an elected Local Council V whose chairperson is its political head.